About The Author
Qutb al-Din Ahmad ibn 'Abd al-Rahim, popularly known as Shah Waliyyullah was born on 4th Shawwāl 1114 AH/10th February 1703 CE in northern India. He was a descendant of Hadhrat ‘Umar ibn al-Khaṭṭab(RA) and was thus Qurayshi. He had a traditional education in all the classical sciences from his father and other scholars in India before journeying to Makkah from where he returned in 1145 AH/1733 CE with great knowledge of all the major works of hadith.
He dedicated the rest of his life to teaching in the Madrasah Rahīmiyyah and to writing widely on all the known Islamic sciences as well as working indefatigably for the reform of Indian society and the renewal of the dīn. He died in 1176 AH/1762 CE.
He lived at a critical juncture of Muslim history. India had enjoyed the peaceful and prosperous rule of the Mughals for more than 200 years, but by the time of Shah Waliyyullah, mutually hostile principalities had begun to emerge. Many of the newly emerging quasi independent states were the result of the rising influence of the militant Maratha, Sikh and Hindu communities and Muslim power and glory in the sub-continent, as in other parts of the world, were gradually eroded. It was at this time of utter despair and despondency for Muslims that Shah Waliyyullah was born.
He is among the later scholars who carried the traditions of Al-Ghazzali and Imam Shatibi in combining the essential of Shari'ah, its understanding, development and interpretation to the issues and problems of life. He like Al-Ghazzali took deep stock of Akhira as the explaining point of the relationship between worldly existence and the Hereafter in a meaningful way.